Knowledge-Directed Retrieval of Autobiographical Memories
Other chapters in this volume have addressed the organization of general world knowledge and its effects on various types of cognitive tasks, such as reasoning, language processing, decision making, and learning. In addition to generalizations learned from experience, many cognitive processes also rely on representations of the individual experiences themselves that are stored in memory. Accessing these individual instances plays an important role in case-based reasoning (see chapters by Kolodner, Rissland, and Bain, this volume), and are also utilized to guide problem solving (Ross, 1984). It is therefore important to address the nature of the search mechanisms that access individual experiences from memory. How are the relevant experiences found from the enormous data base of stored experiences? How are these experiences organized?