Neuropsychological Research and the Fractionation of Memory Systems
This caricature in the finest review article on memory in recent years clearly alludes to one common "fear" about the future total reduction of the psychology of memory to more "basic" sciences. Advances in the neurosciences are often thought to have this implication for the understanding of memory. Its appeal rests on the apparently nonscientific nature of psychology as contrasted with present-day physiology and biochemistry. By contrast, I want to argue that one way in which consideration of brain function assists in our understanding of memory is by helping to make the psychology of memory more scientific in a clearly nonreductionist way, by using neuropsychological evidence to support information-processing theory.