Trauma and Neurosogenesis
This chapter discusses nature of neurotic fantasy formation with regard to both the concept of trauma and the evolution of the psychoanalytic conceptualization of the psychic apparatus. Psychoanalytic theory has consistently attempted to explain and describe psychic structures, their genesis, and their role in neurosogenesis. In the years preceding A. Freud’s initial psychoanalytic theories, physicians, and particularly neurologists, were intrigued with the phenomenology of psychopathology, which came to be understood under the rubric of the hysterias. The antecedents of the topographic model can be found in Freud’s “Project for a Scientific Psychology”. With the development of ego psychology by Hartmann came a greater emphasis on the role of the ego in mastering traumatic or conflictual material. The fantasies associated with the various phases of psychosexual development are well known and provide a means of understanding the maturational or developmental phases that young children pass through.