Dreams in the Treatment of the Borderline Personality
EARLY IN HIS career, Freud was interested in the relation of dreams to psychosis. In Chapter I of the Interpretafion of Dreams, Freud (1900) quotes Kant, "the Madman is a waking dreamer," and Schopenhauer, "Dreams are brief madness, and madness a long dream." Freud also noted that the highly esteemed experimental psychologist Wundt said in 1878, "We ourselves can experience in dreams almost all the phenomena to be met within insane asylums." Clearly Freud sensed that the mystery of dreams and the mystery of psychosis are both related to the very fundaments of thinking and of the mind.