Metaphor: The Cognitive Framework
In the previous cases we have made several references to the use of paradoxical interventions. We mentioned that it was paradoxical to teach the child abuser to learn from himself. We also described a paradox in the naturalistic induction with David: He was to use his tension to produce a trance of profound relaxation. There are many ways to build paradox and a number of therapeutic uses for it in Ericksonian approaches. It may seem odd, at first, that we are considering paradox as a saddle-mate of metaphor. But our logic will soon become apparent as we consider the use of paradox and metaphor to help the client shift frames of perceptual and cognitive reference.