Findings and Conclusion
This study documents an important shift in the college choice patterns of Korean-Huaqiaos. Operating as de facto schools in the absence of clear policies governing the education of foreign nationals, the Huaqiaos’ education in Korea from the 1950s through the present focused on education, which was based on the Taiwanese educational model. Prepared with a strong sense of ethnic identity and fluency in the Chinese language, graduates of these ethnic Chinese high schools before the 1990s predominantly chose Taiwanese colleges. Admission to Taiwanese universities was often utilized as a way to emigrate to Taiwan and bring the remaining family members from Korea upon graduation. The ethnic Chinese in Korea claim that discriminatory Korean policies led to the emigration of the Korean-Huaqiaos. Further, the majority of the remaining Korean-Huaqiaos have been undecided about staying in Korea, while strongly defining themselves by their ethnic identity. Since the early 1990s, however, trends have changed, and now the majority of Huaqiao students are entering Korean universities. This altered trend in college choice has been accompanied by the stabilization of the Huaqiao population in Korea.