chapter  12
18 Pages

An Approach to Identifying the Role of "Information" in a Health Care System: Implications for the Quality of Health

Curativeandpreventivedevelopmentsinacuteandchronicdiseaseshave beenobtainedinthelasttwodecades.Throughresearchanddevelopment activities,physicianshaverisentothechallengeofresolvingdifficult problems.Medicinehasindeedreachednewpinnaclesinprovidingbenefitstopatients,butthecareprovidedtodayisalsohighlycomplex. Concernsnowbeingraisedaboutpatientcarehavebeenbuttressedin partbywell-performedstudiesthatsuggestthatphysiciansdonotconsistentlyapplyavailableknowledgeinthecareofpatientsandthatuncertaintyaboutthemosteffectivediagnosticandtherapeuticapproaches ispervasive(Brahams,1988;Brittain,1985;O'Leary,1988;Silverman, 1994).