Models of Shame and Addiction
This chapter describes each of the models of shame and addiction. It focuses on the aspects of each theory that seem most useful, practical, and productive for the therapist trying to help his or her clients in their real-life dilemmas. The chapter analyses the models as relevant but not attempt to judge the models and declare a "winner," since that effort seems both premature and non-productive. It explores how each model meets a set of criteria for completeness and also focuses on the core concepts of self psychology and in particular those ideas that are most relevant for the topics of shame and addiction. Self psychology began when Heinz Kohut noticed that many of his patients seemed to need something from him, something that he had not been trained to give to patients and which could not simply be interpreted within the drive-oriented language of classical psychoanalysis.