chapter  1
18 Pages

REGARDING GENDER: ESSENTIALISM, CONSTRUCTIONISM, AND FEMINIST PSYCHOLOGY

D U R I N G T H E past decade and a half, a group of approaches to understanding women (represented by the work o f Belenky, Clinchy, Goldberger, & Tarrule, 1986; Chodorow, 1978; Gilligan, 1982; Mil ler , 1976; and others) has gained wide popularity, both within and outside academia. Collectively, these models suggest that girls and women necessarily have different experiences than do boys and men and that these differential experiences generate distinctive modes of thinking, judging, relating, and so forth.