chapter  7
71 Pages

Cultural policy

WithHans Blokland

This chapter looks at the experiences in France, the Netherlands and Sweden, countries where the goal of disseminating culture has been relatively high on the cultural political agenda. It considers how, in policy, more attention could be devoted to the stimulation of demand for culture. Cultural policy has come into being in the Western democracies via various routes. Since the 1950s, the cultural policy in the various Western countries, despite the diverse backgrounds, has increasingly come to resemble one another. Government involvement is increasing everywhere and with diverse accents they are increasingly aiming at comparable goals with comparable means. The official goals of cultural policy of Western governments are, on the whole, conservation of the existing cultural heritage, stimulation of cultural innovation and promotion of cultural participation. In the Netherlands, parts of the cultural policy, including the care for libraries, were accommodated in the welfare policy.