The Framework for this Investigation
James MacGregor Burns once declared, "Every human change begins with someone having an intention, taking an initiative". The first thing to mention about a leader's intent, whatever it is, that an observer's judgment of what constitutes leadership that is bad does not always pertain to the leader's intent. Out of jealousy, the brothers sold Joseph into slavery and told their father he had been killed. Prospective leaders have certainly been urged time and time again to examine and know themselves, to look inward as a precondition for success. Ernest Becker once commented, the greatest cause of evil included all human motives in one giant paradox. Social scientists have disputed whether this is even possible since at least the middle of the nineteenth century. The chapter described "conceptual elasticity" to enable moving about in one's imagination along any number of gradients, most especially the gradient lying between the cosmos, at the outer extreme, and the inward imperative, at the inner extreme.