Frequently Asked Questions in Working with the Internal Family Systems MetaModel
The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual is a nosological system that lists the plethora of symptoms and personality disorders manifested by human beings. It is a medical model compendium compiled mostly by psychiatrists. DSM-V is a list of illnesses that need to be cured. This, again, is a pathology-oriented approach to the patient. There are very few “conditions” that relate to a systems view (rare examples are oppositional disorder of childhood and post-traumatic stress disorder-these syndromes cannot exist in a vacuum). This list is a nominalization, that is, it turns a process into a condition, thereby rendering it an “illness.” An example is turning “sadness” into “depression,” and without much effort viewing this human process as an illness possibly requiring medication without accounting for its normative features when viewed within multiple contexts.