This conclusion presents an overview of key concepts covered in the preceding chapters of this book. The book explores that Rawls laments the kind of society in which there are no collective goals, the kind of society in which the state exists only to serve the particular and private ends of its individual members. It own excavation of the Rousseauvian and Hegelian heritage of justice as fairness is, in the end, meant to rebut Cohen's view that Rawls's political theory fails precisely because it pays insufficient attention to the necessary other-regarding dimensions of political life. Human nature on Rawls's view is permissive and develops in light of institutional circumstances. For Rawls, the idea of justice is rightly interested in rules for the coexistence of beings like us, in circumstances like ours: the starting premise of the realistic utopia. The reconsideration of Rawls's normative theory in light of its underappreciated Rousseauvian and Hegelian heritage is now complete.