The Hegelian Dimensions of Justice as Fairness
We turn now to Hegel’s influence on the moral and political philosophy of Rawls. Why Hegel? To begin to answer this question, recall our brief mention of John Dewey in the previous chapter:
In elaborating his moral theory along somewhat Hegelian lines, Dewey opposes Kant, sometimes quite explicitly, and often at the same places at which justice as fairness also departs from Kant. Thus there are a number of important affinities between justice as fairness and Dewey’s moral theory which are explained by the common aim of overcoming the dualisms in Kant’s doctrine ” (Rawls 1999a, 304, italics added; see also Rorty 1991, 184 and 188n).