chapter  VI
14 Pages

Christianity and Socialism

Both Christianity and Socialism preach an approaching redemption from servitude and misery; Christianity assigns this redemption to a future life in Heaven after death; Socialism would attain it in this world by a transformation of society. As far as one can trace the modern socialistic movement, it is impossible for it to produce phenomena that will show any similarity with those of Christianity as a state religion. The universal peace realized by imperial despotism for the nations around the Mediterranean in the Second Century of the Christian era, the only advantage which that despotism conferred on these nations will be realized in the Twentieth Century for the nations of the world by Socialism. The economic and moral decay of the proletariat in the Roman Empire was further increased by the general decline of all society, which was becoming poorer and more desperate, while its productive forces were declining more and more.