History of Organizational Theory and Equity in the Field 1
This chapter presents equity studies in educational leadership to identify the theoretical frameworks that ground these studies and the equity theories developed as a result of these studies. Studying organizational theories that extend beyond structural functionalism and interpretivism pushes students' intellectual thinking or "stretches the mind." In the introduction to their organizational theory text, M. J. Hatch and A. L. Cunliffe note, "Organization theory draws on the sciences, the humanities and the arts, and so presents the intellectual challenge of thinking in interdisciplinary ways". Scholars of organizational theory have noted the lack of gender, race, social class, sexuality, and nationality, and their intersections in organizational theory. In educational leadership, of all the critically oriented perspectives, critical theories and Critical Race Theory have received the most attention. The lack of critically oriented theories in the teaching of organizational theory in the field also limits the insightful practice of leaders in the field toiling to erase achievement differences in inclusive ways.