Health and health inequalities
This chapter presents a case study of 43-year-old manual labourer Dave who was born, grew up and now lives in one of the most deprived areas of Wales. Dave has always been in a smoking environment as both his father and mother have smoked throughout his childhood. It focuses on socio-economic differences - one of the major barriers to a long and healthy life expectancy. Health inequalities are not only apparent between people of different socioeconomic groups - they exist between different genders, different ethnic groups, and the elderly and people suffering from mental health problems or learning disabilities also have worse health than the rest of the population. In making health behaviours more accessible to all individuals no matter what socio-economic background they are from, health promotion can tackle health and health inequalities. Tackling health inequalities at an individual level is important due to the variations within society and individual differences.