Social formalism and leisure
The use of the term 'social formalism' to describe the work of a range of writers as diverse as Dumazedier, Burch, Kaplan, Kelly, Neulinger, Roberts, and Parker, requires some justification. For one thing, there is no evidence that they see themselves as mem bers of a unified school of thought in leisure theory. Certainly, no agreed programme or manifesto has emerged from their ranks. Even so, their work represents the dominant research tradition in the field. In the words of one commentator, it constitutes the 'conventional wisdom' in leisure theory against which all rival paradigms must be measured and judged (Parry 1983: 74-9).