Adlerian Psychology: Further developments and relevance in a postmodern world
Adler published more than 300 books and articles and gave countless lectures and public demonstrations of his techniques in Europe (especially the German-speaking countries) and in the United States. The Nazi regime fought his ideas and had the child guidance centres closed. Just like many German and Austrian intellectuals, Adler had to emigrate to the USA, where he found friends, promoters, and disciples, but also detractors. To a certain extent, his ideas were received with high interest, but the pre-eminence of Freudian Psychoanalysis also led to resistance to the expansion of Individual Psychology. It was Adler’s disciple Rudolf Dreikurs who founded the Alfred Adler Institute of Chicago and who contributed signiﬁcantly to the growth of Individual Psychology in the USA and in other countries. There was also a certain interest in Adler’s ideas in South America and in Spain, mainly promoted in the 1940s by Oliver Brachfeld (Brachfeld 1970, Mestre and Carpintero 1988, León 2000), but later this interest decreased. Although Individual Psychology was met with a certain resistance, it continued to spread mainly in the USA, and after World War II, in Germany, Austria, and Switzerland.