chapter  I
30 Pages

The Refutation of Idealism

Time, in a certain character, neither has nor belongs to reality; this is the conclusion Bradley wishes to maintain. To say that Time has not reality would seem to be plainly equivalent to saying that Time is not real. This chapter talks about the distinction between Time in one character and Time in another, because it might be thought that this distinction is the explanation of the difficulty as to Mr. Bradley's meaning. The two expressions "There is such a thing as so and so" and "So and so is real" are certainly sometimes and quite naturally used as equivalents, even if they are not always so used. Bradley's own language implies that this is so. Bradley implies that to be "real" is something more and other than to be a fact or to exist. This is the distinction, which Bradley means to make and which is the real explanation of his puzzling language; this distinction is also discussed here.