Timelessness, Foreknowledge and Free Will 1
This chapter examines the problem of divine foreknowledge and Boethius's solution to it. Historically, there have been any numbers of attempts to formulate the problem of divine foreknowledge. Boethius's solution to the problem of divine foreknowledge entails a denial of the claim that God has foreknowledge of events and circumstances making up the temporal matrix. The solutions offered by Boethius and Augustine to the problem of divine foreknowledge are interestingly different and yet interestingly similar. They are different in that they each involve an attack on a different item in the cluster of assumptions generating the problem. The chapter considers several attempts that have been made to deal with the problem of divine foreknowledge. To know something before it happens requires that one's cognitions be located in time relative to the thing in question.