Fitness profiles of English professional and semi-professional soccer players using a battery or field tests
This chapter observes the cholesterol and lipid profiles of the squad of senior Irish rugby union players. The student t-test was the method used to evaluate the cholesterol and lipoprotein data. The results show that the mean fasting cholesterol level of the rugby players was 4.4 ± 0.53 m mol/l. The mean fasting cholesterol level of the control group was 4.75 ± 0.70 m mol/l. Vigorous habitual exercise is known to reduce body weight, percent body fat and results in elevation of the protective High Density Lipoprotein(HDL) and HDL2 lipoprotein sub fraction. High volumes of exercise have been suggested as a more critical element in health promoting fitness programmes, and as a means of improving lipoprotein profiles. While the fitness profiles of the rugby players were not of an extremely high level, it was sufficient to produce a healthy lipid profile and lessen the risk of coronary artery disease. The method of assessing aerobic fitness was the shuttle run test.