Physical play, foul play and violence in football: Comparitive analysis of violent play among professional soccer players in Italy and England
BENNY 1. PEISER and mOMAS MADSEN Liverpool John Moores University, School of Human Sciences, Byrom St., Liverpool L3 3AF
Over the last twenty years there has been a tenfold increase in cautions in professional soccer in England (Peiser, 1996). The reasons for this dramatic increase are still undetermined. As a consequence, a series of research projects on player violence has been initiated at Liverpool John Moores University.