Linda McDowell, 'Doing Gender: Feminism, Feminists and Research Methods in Human Geography' (1992)
The ontological shift for an ecologically sustainable future has much to gain from the world-views of ancient civilisations and diverse cultures which survived sustainably over centuries. These were based on an ontology of the feminine as the living principle, and on an ontological continuity between society and nature the humanisation of nature and the naturalisation of society. The dichotomised ontology of man dominating woman and nature generates maldevelopment because it makes the colonising male the agent and model of development'. The ontology of dichotomisation generates an ontology of domination, over nature and people. Epistemologically, it leads to reductionism and fragmentation, thus violating women as subjects and nature as an object of knowledge. This violation becomes a source of epistemic and real violence the author would like to interpret ecological crises at both levels as a disruption of ecological perceptions of nature.