Defense Industrialisation Through Offsets: The Case of Japan
Technology transfer, particularly offsets, has been the driving force behind the development of post-war Japan's defense industry. Yet Japan's lineage of foreign military technology absorption has more distant roots, dating back to the establishment of domestic naval and ordnance industries during the latter part of the nineteenth century. This suggests that emulation of 'best-practice' Western techniques has been the goal of Japanese defense industrialisation. But this is only partly true: Japan's fetish of technologically 'catching-up' with Western countries represents simply the preamble to the longer term goal of surpassing them.