In contemporary Western society, the topic of human rights for homosexuals polarizes opinion in public and professional circles. While gay men and women continue to suffer persecution, the swing of opinion has been to liberalizing attitudes toward homosexuality. Some countries have changed their laws so that homosexual acts in private between consenting adults are no longer criminal offenses. The American Psychiatric Association in 1973 changed its official classification of homosexuality to "sexual orientation disturbance". The trend has been to deemphasize the disease status of homosexualityll8 169 175. Why then bother to include it in a book about sexual anomalies?