Wadda Ya Mean, I Can’t Drive?: Threat to Competence as a Factor in Drunk Driving Intervention
Research on intervention to prevent an impaired person from driving has focused almost exclusively on the demographic characteristics of the individuals involved and on self-reported rates of intervention. Adebayo (1988) found that, among a random sample of adults in Edmonton, Canada, age was not a factor in the type of intervention the person reportedly would choose. Similarly, in a sample of college students, Monto, Newcomb, Rabow, and Hernandez (1992) found that the age of the intervenor in relation to that of the target person did not affect likelihood of intervention. Race, gender, and marital status have not been found to influence intervention likelihood or technique, although intervenors and target persons were more likely to be of the same gender and race (Adebayo, 1988; Monto et at., 1992). Hernandez, Newcomb, and Rabow (1995) also found few gender differences in types and frequency of intervention, in a college sample. In a study of DUI offenders, however, Pandiani and McGrath (1986) found that women, those with higher BACs, and those exhibiting fearful or anxious behaviors were more likely to be targets of intervention attempts. They found that older people also were more likely to be targets of intervention ..