chapter  IV
The Scales and Paper Money
Pages 5

Another place in which he is often depicted in his capacity as holder of the scales, is in illuminated manuscripts of the Middle Ages, a particularly good example being reproduced, (op. p . 114) the original of which is in the British Museum. A similar incident is depicted in the fresco at Chaldon, Surrey,(f) where we again find a demon waiting to carry off those who fail to pass the test. It is probably from this belief that there developed the idea which was embodied in the Statue of Justice, carved by classical sculptors, wherein a female figure with eyes bandaged, held in one hand a pair of scales and in the other a drawn sword. The meaning of the statue is obvious, although in Utopia Sir Thomas More lays it down that the figure of Justice should carry not only a sword to punish delinquents but a bag of gold with which to reward the virtuous. To this criticism it may be answered that a good man does not need to be rewarded for doing his duty, and if a man only behaves himself in order to obtain a reward, therein he fails to do his duty.