chapter  VI
38 Pages

THE SCOPE OF MODERN PSYCHOLOGY

The great systems of psychology, which make up the history of the subject before the nineteenth century, are for the most part concerned with general psychology; memory, attention, association and other similar topics are given the place of honour. With the advent of experimental methods the focus of interest was shifted : the senses were most closely studied. But it is not correct to speak of “ experimental psychology ” as a separate department: distinctions of method must not be confused with distinctions of subject-matter or sphere. Experimental psychology has been designated " theoretical psychology of the laboratory " (Titchener), and this phrase serves to emphasize the limits within which we may apply the word " experimental.” Distinguishing in this way method and scope, we shall now indicate the progress of method and then summarize the work which falls under the specific departments.