chapter  VI
38 Pages


The great systems of psychology, which make up the history of the subject before the nineteenth century, are for the most part concerned with general psychology; memory, attention, association and other similar topics are given the place of honour. With the advent of experimental methods the focus of interest was shifted : the senses were most closely studied. But it is not correct to speak of “ experimental psychology ” as a separate department: distinctions of method must not be confused with distinctions of subject-matter or sphere. Experimental psychology has been designated " theoretical psychology of the laboratory " (Titchener), and this phrase serves to emphasize the limits within which we may apply the word " experimental.” Distinguishing in this way method and scope, we shall now indicate the progress of method and then summarize the work which falls under the specific departments.