THE TRANSITION IN BRITAIN AND FRANCE
The early constitutions of these universities followed the models of Paris and Louvain. The scope of the teaching and the material were, consequently, identical with those of the later mediaeval period. In the time of Jam es II the Faculty of Arts at Glasgow prescribed in Logic the works of Aristotle and in Philosophy more Aristotle, namely the eight books of physics, the psycho logical treatises and some others. The history of the struggles out of which the Scotch system of education finally emerged would not be in place here. A new scheme put out in 1640 prescribed Aristotle’s De Anim a as a subject for the fourth-year course, but in 1695 the commissioners
of the universities made a vigorous protest in favour of home products : each university was directed to produce a treatise, and the whole collection of treatises, four in number, was to be revised and adopted by the commissioners. The scheme finally lapsed, and Scotland resigned the task of creation : fortunately it began at the same time to develop.