chapter  8
19 Pages

Cultural Factors in Adolescent Girls’ Development: The Role of Ethnic Minority Group Status

In contrast to early models of adolescent development (e.g., Freud, 1953; Hall, 1904), recent work in adolescence has been characterized by an increasing inter­ est in the gender-specific developmental issues of girls (this volume; Gilligan, Lyons & Hanmer, 1990) and an increased awareness of the importance of context for shaping the developmental experience of all adolescents (Bronfenbrenner, 1977; Garbarino, 1986). Two major themes of this recent work have been: (1) the special psychological adjustment challenges faced by girls making the transi­ tion to womanhood and (2) the ways in which features of the context interact with these normative developmental transitions to shape individual adjustment.