The strange death of Liberal Italy, 1919–25
In November 1918 the war ended at last. Italy had won. She hadgained Trent and Trieste; her historic rival, Austria-Hungary, was destroyed; her monarchy and Liberal institutions were respected and intact. Yet less than four years later the Fascist leader Mussolini was Prime Minister; a few years again, and the old Liberal institutions were no more. Liberal Italy collapsed suddenly and unexpectedly in her hour of triumph. Why?