Production in the EU press and publishing industry
Complexity of the media Unlike many aspects of audio-visual provision, there is no equal balance between private and public sector provision in the EU publishing industries. The press and publishing industry is administered and managed in the main in the private sector. Historically and today this remains the case. Being in private hands has not resulted in the industry being managed in the same way across Europe. Readerships remain different and dependent upon the different communities of consumers. Production follows this pattern even if national media concentration is the trend.