chapter  3
38 Pages


Soviet forces invaded Afghanistan in December 1979 and turned what was an inter-clan, inter-tribe conflict into a jihad against the infidel. Few Russian scholars had a grasp of Islam outside their own frontiers. Hence they were in no position WHAT WAS AN INTER-CLAN, to warn the Kremlin about the INTER-TRIBE CONFLICT INTO A consequences of its actions. Even JIHAD AGAINST THE INFIDEL, had they been very prescient, the aged communist leadership, headed by the drug-addicted Leonid Brezhnev, would not have listened. The documents reveal no inkling about the possible influence of Islam. They are all about the role of progressive social forces which are about to sweep away obscurantism and backwardness.