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32 Pages

UNIT 3: Nouns

In 402 the Roman garrison began to withdraw. By 410, the province the Romans had administered lay virtually unprotected and Romano-British society was in decline. What happened next is unclear. Scholars disagree on exactly how to interpret the evidence, or on what constitutes ‘evidence’. Following Davies (1999) we’re going to suggest that Britannia now had no defence, no clear leadership and virtually no way to maintain order. Davies (1999:174) suggests that there was probably ‘radical deterioration’ in Britannia – economically, politically and socially. In the local Roman Christian church there was also chaos, evidenced by the spread of the Pelagian heresy (a position, developed by the 5th century British monk Pelagius and his followers, that denied the doctrine of original sin).