chapter  4
11 Pages


Indian Muslims in the late nineteenth century suffered collectively from two disadvantages. The first, already noted, was their backwardness. Having taken to the new education more slowly and reluctantly than their Hindu equivalents, Muslim elites in north India found themselves increasingly muscled out of lucrative and influential bureaucratic jobs by clever immigrant Kayasthas and Brahmins from Bengal. It remained to be seen whether Sir Saiyyid Ahmad Khan’s MAO College, which was funded to cater for only 100 or so boarding and day students at any one time, had the capacity to turn this alarming situation around.