This chapter shows how technological means to assist reproduction appear to increase women's choice but exert control over women's lives. Women are treated as mere body parts - wombs, cells, eggs and makers of embryos. Motherhood too is split into genetic, birth or social mothers. Much experimentation of women's fertility, contraception and sterilization occurs in developing countries and the nature of ethnic and racist exploitation is discussed. The chapter distinguishes between:
• involuntary childlessness • voluntary childfreeness • infertility.