chapter  1
Who was white? The disappearance of non-European white identities and the formation of European racial whiteness
Pages 21

In tro duction The topic of white identity is currently in vogue within racial and ethnic studies. Most significantly, the nineteenth-and twentieth-century history of how different European groups became accepted as white in the United States has begun to be mapped, principally by US historians (Roediger, 1992; 1994; Ignatiev, 1995; Jacobson, 1998). Yet this, otherwise insightful, critical moment still remains partly trapped inside the mythologies of European whiteness. For whilst European, relatively recent, forms of whiteness are attracting attention, other experiences of whiteness, developed before the late modern era or outside North America and Europe, have receded ever further from view.