chapter  4
65 Pages

– Medieval Towns

Classified on the basis of their origins there are five broad categories of towns in medieval Europe of the eleventh to fifteenth centuries. I Three ca tegories are of organic growth towns:

I towns of Roman origin - both those which may have retained urban status throughout the Dark Ages, albeit considerably reduced in size, and those which were deserted after the fall of the Empire, but which were re-established on their original sites

2 burgs (borough, burk, bourg, burgo), founded as fortified military bases and acquiring commercial functions later

3 towns that evolved as organic growth from village settlements.