chapter  8
44 Pages

– Britain: Sixteenth to mid Nineteenth Centuries

In Britain the first example of Renaissance urbanism was Covent Garden Piazza in London, developed from 1630 onwards. As in Western Europe generally, the Renaissance in Britain in the plastic arts - painting, sculpture, architecture and urbanism - was preceded by the creation of a favourable intellectual climate, based on the growth of literacy and scientific humanism, as outlined in Chapter 5. The Renaissance had similar origins in both France and England; painters and sculptors were brought in from I taly to work at the royal courts in the new style; the dates are around 1500 in France and during the reign of Henry VIII (1509-47) in England.