This chapter shows that the war brought women into the labour market as paid employment. It explains that despite changes adopted during the war years, after end of hostilities, for the most part, women returned to their traditional roles as wives and mothers in home, and appear to have been happy to do so. Their return was the subject of much government speculation and discussion. It is hard to imagine that women were not affected atleast to some degree by the propaganda which had been present throughout the Vichy government after the war. Marriage and motherhood of the women were reinforced in ways not dissimilar to those used by the pre-war governments and the Vichy regime. A study published in 1947 suggests that women who wanted work may have found it in sector other than those where they were traditionally employed. The chapter discovers that their experience of running the household and going out to work brought them increased confidence.