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Gazetteer

LONDON. Pound first visited London on a sight-seeing tour in 1898 with his wealthy Aunt Frank. He returned in 1902 in the company of his father, on which occasion they visited the Royal Mint at its now redeveloped site in Tower Hill. He visited the city again in 1906 during the European trip funded by his university fellowship. These were to be probes into a place that became his home and venue for artistic endeavours from 1908 to 1920. From October 1908 Pound lived in a boarding house at 48 Langham Street and established a working relationship with Elkin Matthews who sold and later published his books from hls shop in Vigo Street. He found some artistic solidarity in T.E. Hulme's literary group which met at the Tour Eiffel restaurant in Soho and also attended Yeats's Monday evenings in Woburn Buildings, now Woburn Walk. The Polytechnic in Regent Street was the scene of his series of lectures on the troubadours. During this period Pound moved to 10 Church \Valk, Kensington, where he lived until the summer of 1910. Follmving trips to America and Europe, Pound eventually returned to Church Walk in 1911 and felt that he came to know Kensington 'stone by stone'. In 1914 he married Dorothy Shakespear at St Mary Abbots, Church Street, Kensington. For the next five years they lived at 5 Holland Place Chambers, Kensington, in an apartment whose living room was pentagonal. In the shortlived vorticist period Pound frequented the Rebel Art Centre in Great Ormond Street and the Dieudonne restaurant, much mentioned in The Cantos, the scene of an imagist dinner and a vorticist celebration of Blast. As the music critic William Atheling he preferred recitals and chamber music at the Aeolian Hall, New Bond Street, now partly occupied by Sotheby's, and the \Vigmore Hall, Wigmore Street, rather than the larger orchestral venues. Pound was clearly very fond of London, but came to hate what it stood for as the capital of the British Empire and establishment conservatism. These attitudes are reflected in his 'farewell to London', Hugh Selwyn lvfauberlry, and even more so in the Hell cantos, which were meant to depict specific figures in a London setting. After his permanent departure in 1920 Pound returned to London on two occasions. In 1938 a visit was prompted by the death of Olivia Shakespear, his mother-in-law, during which he took the

Gazetteer

STONE COTTAGE, COLEMAN'S HATCH, SUSSEX. W.B. Yeats rented this dressed stone cottage, which still overlooks the heathland of Ashdown Forest in East Sussex, for three consecutive winters between 1913 and 1916. Pound was initially enlisted as Yeats's secretary, despite some uncertainty about his personality, but the relationship bet>veen the twu poets became one of mutual artistic support and refreshment. Dorothy Shakespear already knew the village of Coleman's Hatch from visits to her uncle's cottage nearby. \Vhen she and Pound were married in 1914, the couple spent their honeymoon at Stone Cottage and Dorothy accompanied her husband on the subsequent winters with Yeats. In the nostalgia of Pisa Pound recalls his time with Yeats in Canto 83 as follows:

HAILEY, IDAHO. In 1884 this town in central Idaho, on the Bigwood River, was a mining community in Idaho Territory and still very much a frontier town. Homer and Isabel Pound settled there in a newly built house that was probably its best residence. According to Pound, in his early family history, Indiscretions, Hailey consisted of 'one street lined with saloons' (PD, p. 29). Homer had

been appointed to establish a government land office in Hailey where miners could register their claims. Ezra Pound was born at home the following year. The Pounds did not stay long in Hailey and within a year Ezra left the town for good. Pound was very proud of the fact that he left Hailey during a blizzard 'behind the First Rotary Snow-plough' (ibid., p. 4 l ). NEW YORK. Pound was first taken to New York as an infant on his way back from Idaho. He stayed at his Aunt Frank's boarding house on East 47th Street, Manhattan. Further visits were quite frequent throughout his childhood and youth. Pound spent several months in the city during his return to America in l 9 l 0, toying with business at the Nassau Street office of James Bacon, the 'Baldy Bacon' of Canto l 2. Among other addresses he lived at 270 Fourth Avenue (now Park Avenue South). While in New York he met Jack B. Yeats, the painter and father of W.B. Yeats, who wrote a very favourable report of Pound in a letter to his son. It was not until l 939 that Pound revisited New York on his ill-fated visit to America a few months before the outbreak of the Second World War. He stayed some of the time with the poet E.E. Cummings in Patchin Place. Pound's only other real stay in New York was in l 969 when he returned for the exhibition of the rediscovered manuscript of Eliot's The Waste Land at the Public Library.