chapter  Chapter Five
33 Pages

The Demise of the Kuomintang and the Triumph of Chinese Communism

WithPeter Lowe

Developments in China in 1940s were of crucial importance for the sequence of events in 1950, culminating in the Chinese intervention in Korea in 1950. The traditional American attitude towards China had been one of sympathy for the sufferings and aspirations of the Chinese people but without any profound understanding of the forces at work in China. American policy rested on 'letting the dust settle' and seeing what emerged from the civil war. The working people of China have won great victories in their selfless struggle against the vicious aggression of American imperialism and against the reactionary Kuomintang Government which has betrayed the fatherland and the interests of the people. The Soviet Union followed a cautious approach between 1945 and 1949 and one less sympathetic to Chinese communism. The evidence indicates that the Kremlin had considerable doubt about the character of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) and the prospects for the CCP taking power throughout China.