16 Pages


WithPeter Lowe

The Korean War was a peculiar struggle in which the first year of the conflict saw rapid tergiversations with the success of the initial North Korean advance, then the equally dramatic UN counter-attack and eclipse of the North Koreans. The period of maximum uncertainty was in December 1950 and January 1951 when morale in the UN was low and speculation mounted as to the possible courses of action that could be followed by the United States. China had wanted the UN to recognize that Peking and not Taiwan should occupy the seat in the UN Security Council belonging to China and that the United States should desist from protecting Taiwan. The truce talks were initially conducted at Kaesong, which proved an undesirable venue as it was within territory occupied by the communist forces; the atmosphere was menacing and intimidating and General Ridgway subsequently admitted that he had erred in accepting Kaesong.