chapter  7
22 Pages

Cavour and Garibaldi in the Final Struggle to Unite Italy, 1860–61

CAVOUR RETURNS TO POWER Although Cavour had been out of office for six months, he had remained in touch with the ministers, many of whom were his form er colleagues, and with the complex developments in Central Italy. He decided that the time was ripe for his return to power when Napoleon had Le Pape et le Congres published. In spite of Napoleon’s liking for congresses, the publication of this pamphlet suggested that he no longer wished to act with Austria. His alignment with Austria, which had in a sense existed since Villafranca, was ended, and there was to be a return to the spirit of Plombieres. To enable his return to power Cavour now conducted a forceful campaign in the press, demanding elections and the recall of parliament. He saw parliament, where he could always command support, as a counterweight to the king, whose influence would keep him from office if possible. In T urin four leading newspapers supported Cavour, as did two in Milan, and one in Genoa. The British government, through Hudson, made it clear that it favoured a recall of parliament. In the middle of January Cavour met the king, and, in an emotional exchange, ‘promised that he would not talk any more about Rosina’.1 The king reluctantly asked him to form a government.