chapter  9
14 Pages

Minority ethnic groups and community care

Community care as between ethnic groups is far from equal. Yet Britain is a multi-ethnic society. Ethnic minorities in Britain num ­ ber more than 3 million people or 5.5 per cent of the total population. Black Caribbeans form approximately 1 per cent of the total, almost 500,000 people; 2.4 per cent of the population are of Indian or Pakistani origin (approximately 1,317,000). The Chinese population (163,000) and the Bangladeshi population (157,000) each constitutes some 0.5 per cent of the total (1991 Census). Because of the statistical ambiguities, the sizable Jewish population of an estimated 308,000 does not appear in the Census as a differentiated ethnic group, but statistical estimates have been independently conducted (Haberman and Schmool, 1995). (Curi­ ously, this issue is not identified or recognised in the Fourth PSI National Survey discussion of the 1991 Census and diversity of origins.) The m atter of community care for the Jewish community has correspondingly received scant coverage in the care literature. British Jewry is concentrated in only a few areas of Britain - now mainly London, Manchester and part of the South East England coastal area, with concomitant and growing dem and for commu­ nity care. The Black and Asian populations are highly concentrated in the London area, Birmingham, Leicester and Bradford, whereas the Chinese community is much more dispersed.