Mixed modes of finance
This book is deliberately entitled Paying for Welfare and not Paying for the Welfare State. That title would have begged the fundamental questions: Need welfare be provided by the state? Does something that is financed by the state have to be provided by the state? Does the state necessarily imply a central govern mental agency? The answer to each of these questions is ‘no’, not only in theory, but also increasingly in practice. These questions are now at the centre of debate about the future of welfare states in most parts of the world. This first chapter describes the wide variety of ways in which human services can be financed. We begin with some definitions and concepts that will be used throughout the book.