The world economy
Peacekeeping, an important adjunct of diplomacy, predated the creation of the United Nations (UN), and the UN is still not the only body by which it may be authorised. Nevertheless, peacekeeping under UN authority is now the principal species of this important but fragile institution. Ceasefire observation groups were sent by the UN to Palestine and Kashmir in the late 1940s but UN peacekeeping did not develop fully until the United Nations Emergency Force (UNEF) was hurriedly created and dispatched to Egypt during the Suez crisis in 1956. It is true that only a small number of additional forces were created over the following three decades, but with the euphoria over the potential of the UN created by the end of the cold war and the successful action against Iraq in 1991, the period since the late 1980s has seen a veritable explosion in the dispatch of UN peacekeeping forces and military observer missions all over the world.