chapter  1
9 Pages


Recovery from drug addiction is unquestionably a complex and multifaceted phenomenon. Many addicts recover on the basis of lengthy and extensive contact with drug-treatment agencies while others appear to recover without any recourse to treatment (Klingemann 1994). Indeed, it has been suggested that the :proportion of addicts who manage to overcome their addiction without formal treatment may either match or be greater than the proportion who recover following treatment for their addiction (Waldorf and Biernacki 1979, Stall and Biernacki 1986, Cunningham 1999).