This chapter explains the use of psychological theory within a nursing framework to guide them how to assess lifestyle behaviours of patients with alcohol dependence in day-to-day clinical practice. There are a number of ways to assess whether an individual has an alcohol problem. The alcohol use in excess of guidelines, the individual that they are putting themselves in danger and provide information on the effects of alcohol abuse. The drinker may be aware of alcohol-related consequences but is ambivalent about changing and begun to cut down or stop drinking, but change has not become a permanent feature. The intervention should Emphasise the benefits of changing, giving information about alcohol problems, the risks of delaying, and discuss how to choose a goal. Those whose life has been adversely affected by alcohol should be referred to specialists. This might include outpatient day treatment, residential treatment and detoxification as well as mental health facilities.